Pre-Columbian Americas

The Americas before the 16th century

Although most of Per-Columbian North America north of modern Mexico did not see the formation of large states, Latin America was the home of some very notable empires. Mesoamerica staged the home of cultures such as the Olmec, Tolec, Maya, and Azetec. Likewise, in south America, many cultures grew in the Andes, and these later became the basis of the famous Inca Empire, which established controll over the entire Andes. Pre Columbian American empires were advanced civilizations with an organized social structure that flourished in art, mathematics, astronomy, and (perhaps most notably), architecture and engineering. When the Spanish Conquistadors appeared, it wasn't their weaponry, but the diseases they had with them that brought an end to these empires.

Mesoamerica and South America
North America
North America: Military History
European Colonialization and Forward